Right action: Our effort to alleviate or eliminate suffering. The Dalai Lama in his book Ethics for the New Millennium describes this simply as “The root of all ethical action must be our sincere effort to reduce suffering. Here in Vancouver, Canada, if I see a beggar on the street asking for spare change, do I give some knowing that it may go to support an addiction, or do I take them to a restaurant and purchase them something to eat. I mention this as yesterday I mentioned that all eight parts of the Nobel Eightfold Path must be developed simultaneously. If I give some money and it is used for the wrong purpose, I have not alleviated suffering; I have contributed to its continuation, where as if I purchase the person some healthy food, I have alleviated their need for substance, if only for a short time. If asked for spare change, the other option I choose is to acknowledge that they exist, by saying sorry I can’t today.